Researchers have captured footage of bowhead whales rubbing themselves against big boulders to get rid of sloughing skin.
A study published recently in the PLOS ONE journal describe how bowhead whales were observed engaging in behaviour that promoted exfoliation of molting skin.
In August 2016, a research team from the University of British Columbia, Canada flew a drone over bowhead whales in Cumberland Sound, in the coastal waters in the eastern Canadian Arctic.
Their objective was to capture photographic and video footage of the whales shedding their skin. Although most whales, dolphins and porpoises have been known to molt to get rid of dead skin, little is known about this process in bowhead whales.
Almost all the bowhead whales were involved in the study had splotchy skin, indicating that they were molting. For forty percent of them, the sloughing skin covered at least two-thirds of their bodies.
The video footage showed the bowhead whales rubbing their bodies on large boulders at the bottom of the bay, and they sometimes rubbed against one another as well. (The bay was shallow enough for the whales’ behaviour to be filmed.)
One of the paper’s authors, PhD candidate Sarah Fortune, described the bay as a “bowhead whale day spa.” The team suggests that the behaviour may help to remove parasites (like whale lice or diatoms) or shed sun-damaged skin.